ERIC Number: ED198792
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
CAI for the Developmentally Handicapped: Nine Years of Progress.
Hallworth, H. J.; Brebner, Ann
Initiated nine years ago by the University of Calgary Faculty of Education Computer Applications Unit in cooperation with the nearby Vocational and Rehabilitation Research Institute (VRRI), this project uses computer assisted instruction (CAI) to teach social and vocational skills to developmentally handicapped young adults, many of whom also have physical handicaps. The teaching of social arithmetic and reading has necessitated the use of multi-media terminals, and several such terminals have been developed and used; the current model, based upon a microprocessor, can be adapted to the needs of the individual learner through a variety of input and output devices. Principles derived from research on learning among the retarded have been used to design two program continua aimed at enabling trainees to acquire some of the social skills needed for independent living in the community. Special input devices enable the physically handicapped to communicate more easily with the computer, and "concept keyboards" assist the retarded by reducing the amount of mental recoding required. The success of this project, now an integral part of the VRRI program, is leading to further use of CAI at the institute and in other centers. (Author/BK)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Autoinstructional Aids, Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Research, Formative Evaluation, Functional Reading, History, Input Output Devices, Instructional Design, Man Machine Systems, Moderate Mental Retardation, Multimedia Instruction, Physical Disabilities, Young Adults
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: University of Calgary (Canada)
Note: Paper presented at the Association for the Development of Computer-Based Instructional Systems (Washington, DC, March 31-April 3, 1980). For a related document, see IR 009 106.