ERIC Number: ED198596
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Comprehension, Message Intelligibility, and Knowledge of the Topic: A Supplementary Investigation.
Garrett, Roger L.
A study explored whether cues given in advance of messages presented through noise were effective for increasing comprehension. Specifically, the study examined whether (1) relevant cues increased overall listening accuracy and (2) irrelevant cues impaired listening by introducing distortions into the processing of messages or simply decreased the likelihood that messages would be identified as a whole. Six normally hearing college students were presented with recorded messages--questions--which were masked through speech-shaped noise set at a constant level. A set of relevant and irrelevant cues had been developed for each question. The relevant cues were used as condition A, the no-cue condition was condition B, and the irrelevant cues condition was condition C. The cues were presented on cards to the subjects some five seconds before they heard the message (blank cards were used for condition B). The subjects answered each question and then repeated as much of it as they could hear. Results supported the view of listening as a process of locating in memory particular knowledge of a topic and then comprehending various messages related to that topic. In the case of irrelevant cues, the main effect was that of inhibiting the process of locating the topic; no real evidence for distortion associated with the irrelevant cues as a factor in listening accuracy was found. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Message Distortion; Message Perception
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Speech Communication Association (San Jose, CA, February 14-17, 1981).