ERIC Number: ED198588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May
Reference Count: 0
Willingness to Disclose Symptoms to a Male Physician: Effects of the Physician's Physical Attractiveness, Body Area of Symptom and the Patient's Self-Esteem, Locus of Control and Sex.
Young, Jerald W.
Two experiments involving 49 male and 49 female college students were conducted to determine the effects of physician physical attractiveness on the patients' disclosures of personal information (symptoms). In the first experiment, subjects rated pictures of physicians for physical attractiveness and reported their willingness to disclose and discuss with each physician various symptoms and fears related to private parts of the body, mental illness, and nonprivate parts of the body. In the second experiment, subjects were given pictures of the two most attractive and two least attractive physicians as revealed in the first study and asked to report their willingness to disclose symptoms related to the same three areas. Results from the first experiment showed that willingness to disclose symptoms to a male physician was found to be related to the physician's physical attractiveness and the types of symptoms, but not the sex of the patient. The second experiment replicated the findings of the first experiment, with the additional finding that increased symptom disclosure was associated with patients who had higher self-esteem and internal locus of control--but only when disclosing the information to the less attractive physicians. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (30th, Acapulco, Mexico, May 18-23, 1980).