ERIC Number: ED198581
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Symbolization and Fallacy.
Research indicates that people have two distinct information processing modalities, one for verbal material and one for nonverbal material. The nonverbal mode is used for visual images and is characterized by creative and relatively undisciplined associations. The verbal mode deals with abstract stimuli and is restrained by logic and the need to process information sequentially. Use of a particular mode can be controlled to a great extent by the concreteness of the message stimulus, with concrete symbols handled nonverbally and abstract ones verbally. Since reasoning is related to this dual coding theory, a limited theory of fallacy has been developed, suggesting two kinds of fallacies: those that depend on an increase in concreteness, and those that are caused by excess abstractness. Though limited in scope, this theory promises to be testable. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Fallacies; Nonverbal Stimuli; Symbolic Thinking
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (66th, New York, NY, November 13-16, 1980).