ERIC Number: ED198507
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Improving Advance Organizer Research: Persistent Problems and Future Directions.
Clark, C. H.; Bean, Thomas
The past 20 years of research into the efficacy of advance organizers has resulted in little empirical support for their use. A primary reason for this lack of strong support is the absence of true objective descriptions and definitions of the organizers used and the concomitant poor control over their derivation and construction. This deficiency has become particularly serious in the past decade since the popularization and availablility of systems designed to objectify the description of verbal information. The lack of substantively and statistically significant results is not surprising in view of these problems with the past research. Future work on the pedagogical effects of prereading organizers must utilize such available technology in theconstruction and description of both the text(s) used and the organizers. Due to the number of variables that need to be investigated or controlled in such work (including retention interval, subject area, student ability, student grade level, organizer type, and passage organization), it may be more practical to concentrate research efforts on more direct tests of the basic theory than on one of its pedagogical implications. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Schema Theory; Schemata
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (30th, San Diego, CA, December 3-6, 1980).