ERIC Number: ED198425
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Personality as a Resource in Stress Resistance: The Hardy Type.
Maddi, Salvatore R.
The notion that life stresses and personality have an interactive role in illness is part of the wisdom of the ages. Most past research has studied either life stresses or personality. A model for understanding health/illness status is presented that includes stressful life events and the resistance resources of personality, social supports, coping, constitutional strengths and health practices. Emphasized as a resistance resource is the hardy personality type, which is comprised of the dispositions of commitment (the tendency to be involved rather than alienated), control (the tendency to be influential rather than powerless), and challenge (the tendency to view change as a normal impetus to growth rather than a threat). Recommendations are made concerning the measurement of stressful life events, and the prospective treatment of longitudinal data. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Support Systems
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).