ERIC Number: ED198413
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep-2
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Running on Individuals Who Are Clinically Depressed.
Rueter, Martha Ann
The large number of college students suffering from depression and the undesirable aspects of current treatment practices suggest a need for new methods of treatment and prevention. Physical exercise has been suggested as an easily administered therapy which does not require close professional supervision. College students (N=18) who had sought professional help for depression participated in a study which compared the effectiveness of counseling therapy and running to counseling therapy alone. Subjects were classified as moderately to severely depressed on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The runners (N=9) ran three times a week for 10 weeks while engaging in therapeutic counseling. Non-runners (N=9) received only therapeutic counseling. Running combined with counseling therapy produced significantly greater decreases in depression than counseling therapy. The difference between the pre- and post-BDI scores and the counseling-only group was nonsignificant, indicating that the significant main effect for the treatment factor was due primarily to the difference between the pre- and post-BDI scores for the combined running and therapy group. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Beck Depression Inventory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).