ERIC Number: ED198195
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Trends in Inequality of Educational Opportunity in Brazil: A Test of Two Competing Theories.
Bills, David B.; And Others
A fundamental worldwide trend of the past few decades has been the remarkable expansion of national systems of formal education. Two competing theories have been adduced to explain how this expansion affects patterns of equality of educational opportunity. The thesis of industrialization holds that educational expansion tends to increase equality of opportunity. Elite mass theories claim that we can expect no necessary trend, and that expansion may easily increase as well as diminish privilege. These competing theories are tested by examining cohort trend data that elucidate the relationship between educational attainment and sex, region, and family background in Brazil. Evidence exists to suggest that educational inequalities based on sex are breaking down. There is little evidence, however, that regional or family background disparities are declining in Brazil. The data provide firmer support for the elite mass model than they do for the thesis of industrialization. (Author/APM)
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Development, Economic Development, Educational Opportunities, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Human Capital, Industrialization, National Programs, Sex Differences, Socioeconomic Background, Socioeconomic Influences, Socioeconomic Status
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; Wisconsin Univ., Madison.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Table A8 may be illegible due to small, broken print.