ERIC Number: ED197911
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Adventure Deprivation - A Social Disease. Self Concept Through School Camp.
Childs, Sally A.
People are steadily being deprived of decision making opportunities. However, the freedom and sense of adventure to be found in the outdoors can help renew feelings of self-direction in our lives. Many theories about the nature of self have been evolved since Aristotle's time. Social benefits, self conceptualization and self assessment may all result from the study of self. Outdoor education relates to self concept in its use of the natural environment as a laboratory to provide opportunities for educational growth through direct experiences and "real" discoveries. Resident camps can offer new social experiences as well as educational opportunities. A 1978 study of 60 seventh graders who attended a 5 day outdoor education camp and were tested before and after the experience indicated that although most showed no significant change, 3 students showed considerable growth in self concept. The element of risk involved in adventure programs can also be an effective catalyst for enhancing self concept. Programs like Outward Bound and Homeward Bound have been used as effective alternatives to traditional treatment programs for delinquents by helping develop positive self concepts. Outdoor adventure programs for adults, some corporation-sponsored, have been successful in encouraging leadership and self-confidence. (JD)
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Adventure Education, Behavior Change, Delinquent Rehabilitation, Ecology, Elementary Secondary Education, Emotional Development, Outdoor Education, Psychological Needs, Resident Camp Programs, Self Actualization, Self Concept, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Social Cognition, Values Clarification
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Homeward Bound; Outward Bound
Note: Paper presented at the National Outdoor Education Conference (Traverse City, MI, October 1980). Best copy available.