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ERIC Number: ED197898
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov-10
Pages: 41
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Descriptive Study of Intercultural Communication between Native American and Anglo-American College Students.
Kennan, William R.; And Others
A study of 25 male college students (14 Native Americans, 11 Anglo Americans) assessed the role of culturally-differing communications behavior in the dropout rate of Native American students (while the students want an education, they also wish to retain their cultural identity, and equate class participation with assimilation into non-Indian culture; this leads to a strategy of interactional avoidance, which leads to educational failure). The students were divided into five smaller groups, each with a different proportion of Native American and Anglo American students; each group was given a puzzle needing information exchange for a solution. Group interactions were videotaped; the tapes were coded and submitted to various statistical techniques. Interactional avoidance behavior by Indian students was modified when they were placed in situations demanding communicative response; they responded, but in ways different from Anglo American students. Group interactions involving Indian students showed: (1) lower activity levels than a group containing only Anglo American students; (2) the importance of negotiation about socio-emotional and task differences; and (3) the significance of behavior change roles and compliance roles. The reasons why Native Americans fail as college students are complex and require more detailed analysis. Appendices contain the puzzle used and the coding manual. (MH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Intercultural Communication; Native Americans; University of Oklahoma