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ERIC Number: ED197833
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Sex-Labelling on Adult-Infant Interactions.
Armstrong, Suzy; Karr-Kidwell, PJ
The influence of sex-labelling on adult-infant interactions is explored in this study. It is hypothesized that, when introduced to a single infant identified as either male or female, adults will (1) offer more masculine sex-stereotyped toys to the infant perceived to be male; (2) offer more feminine sex-stereotyped toys to the infant perceived to be female; (3) interact in a more "active" way with the infant perceived to be male; and (4) interact in a more "passive" way with the infant perceived to be female. Subjects consisted of eight men and 22 women of ages ranging from 18 to 57 years. A 13-month-old male child was chosen to participate in the study. Seven masculine and seven feminine toys were selected from a list of 48 sex-stereotyped toys. Additionally, two non-sex- stereotyped toys were selected to distract from the obvious sex-stereotyping of toys. Video tapes of 3 minutes duration were made of each subject/child interaction and were later viewed and coded. To control for clues to gender identity resulting from misspeaking and nonrandomness, a system for introducing the child as either male or female was developed. All hypotheses were supported at the .10 level of significance. It is concluded that the results confirm the general hypothesis that adults would behave differently toward a single child depending on whether the child was perceived to be either "male" or "female." (Author/ RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Gender Identity