ERIC Number: ED197689
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Nov-1
Reference Count: 0
The Phenomenon of Student Withdrawal at Universities in Australia: A Review of Literature Concerning Factors Associated with Academic Performance and Discontinuance.
Literature concerning factors associated with academic performance and withdrawal from college is reviewed separately for North American, United Kingdom, and Australian universities to help illuminate the problem of student withdrawal in Australia. V. Tinto's 1975 research review concerning North American college dropouts is summarized, and references cited in the review are appended. Tinto's conceptual schema for college withdrawal is also appended. Conclusions based on studies by Entwistle (1977) and Wilson (1977) concerning predictors of academic success and failure in United Kingdom universities are presented. These predictors are as follows: entry qualifications, intellectual aptitude, headteachers' reports, age and social background, personality characteristics, and academic motivation and study methods. Overall, the study results show that the multivariate indicators of success/failure are much better predictors of academic performance than any single variable. The following factors from the Australia literature associated with college performance and withdrawal are assessed: age, motivation, student's college experience as a factor influencing withdrawal, selection, part-time versus full-time study, area of study, sex, and intellectual aptitude. The following Australian works are summarized: G. Mortimore's and D. J. Bennett's 1978 study on the Australian National University (ANU) student performance and progress, and A. Miller's analysis of the main issues of the Student Performance and Progress Study, based in part on meetings within the ANU. It is concluded that predictors are yet unable to identify which students will continue/withdraw. (SW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Australian National Univ., Canberra.
Identifiers: Australia; United Kingdom; United States
Note: A report for the AVCC Working Party on Attrition and Graduation Rates. Not available in paper copy due to small print of original document.