ERIC Number: ED197639
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Students' Approaches to Studying the Social Science and Technology Foundation Courses: Preliminary Studies.
Morgan, Alistair; And Others
The way that Open University students study technology (T100) and social science (D101) foundation courses was investigated using an inventory developed at Lancaster University. A comparison of study approaches of Open University and conventional university students, and data derived from student interviews were analyzed. The Lancaster inventory, which is appended, contains 16 scales that describe the four aspects of how students approach studying: meaning orientation, reproducing orientation, achieving orientation, and learning styles and pathologies. The way that recent research on student learning has been incorporated into the inventory is also addressed. The Open University study sample consisted of 153 T100 students and 204 D101 students. In addition to analysis of survey results, a small number of students were interviewed about their approaches to studying. Based on factor analysis, it was found that Open University and conventional university students approach studying in similar ways: the two main factors for both groups were "reproducing" and "meaning" orientations. However, D101 and T100 students are more similar in their study approaches than are conventional students of engineering and psychology. The evidence appears to suggest that Open University students have a greater interest in their studies and lower extrinsic motivation as well as a greater tendency towards a surface approach. (SW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Cognitive Tests, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Introductory Courses, Learning Motivation, Learning Processes, Nontraditional Students, Open Universities, Questionnaires, Research Methodology, Social Sciences, Technical Education, Technology
Institute of Educational Technology, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, England.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Open Univ., Walton, Bletchley, Bucks (England). Inst. of Educational Technology.
Identifiers: Open University (Great Britain); United Kingdom