ERIC Number: ED197463
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Declining Enrolments and Its Ramification for Special Education.
Kobrick, Judi B.; Reich, Carol
Despite declining enrollment in school populations in Ontario, the number of children requiring special education is increasing. The four factors working to increase special education enrollment include (1) an increased survival rate of children with disabilities, (2) a change in assessment categories, (3) an atmosphere in which educators feel obligated to provide services to all children, and (4) earlier and more intensive provision of services to handicapped children. In conjunction with this report, a survey of 193 boards and 12 teacher education institutions in the province revealed that 28 percent of the respondents felt pupil reduction would have deleterious effects on special education, but that 38 percent hoped for an increase in the quantity or quality of their services. The current trend toward integration of handicapped children into the regular classroom requires the recruitment and training of support personnel to assist in mainstream classes and the special inservice training of regular class teachers. Funding remains the biggest problem in expanding and restructuring special education programs to meet current needs. (Author/WD)
Descriptors: Declining Enrollment, Disabilities, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Handicap Identification, Inservice Teacher Education, Mainstreaming, Retrenchment, Special Education, Special Programs, Surveys
Publications Centre, Ministry of Government Services, 880 Bay St., 5th Floor, Queen's Park, Toronto, Ontario M7A 1N8 Canada (Record No. ON01518/CODE00323; $.50 microfiche).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Declining School Enrolments in Ontario, Toronto.
Note: For related documents, see EA 013 260-308.