ERIC Number: ED197229
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Irrational Beliefs and Marital Adjustment.
Epstein, Norman; Eidelson, Roy J.
Although interest has increased in applying cognitive behavior therapies to conjoint treatment of marital problems, the role of cognitive processes in marital maladjustment and in couples' orientations toward marital therapy has not been sufficiently investigated. The association between couples' levels of marital distress and their goals for therapy were compared to the degree to which they held irrational beliefs about themselves. Married couples (N=47) receiving relationship therapy completed self-report scales assessing irrational beliefs, marital adjustment and therapy goals. Some subscales of the irrational beliefs (demand for approval, high self-expectations, blame-proneness, and problem avoidance) measure had significant negative correlations with marital satisfaction, desire to maintain the marriage, and preference for conjoint marital therapy over individual therapy. Other subscales had either nonsignificant or positive correlations with those indices of marital functioning. Although causal inferences cannot be drawn from the correlations between irrational beliefs and indices of marital functioning and therapy goals, results indicate that an understanding of a client's experience of marriage is facilitated by assessing relevant beliefs. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).