ERIC Number: ED197194
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Design of a Survey Instrument to Aid in Identifying Sex Related Barriers to Employment and the Administration of That Instrument to Rural and Urban Employers.
Jones, B. Dolores; Mook, Corena
A project was conducted to design a survey instrument that would help in identifying sex-related barriers to employment and to administer that instrument to employers in both rural and urban counties of Kansas. It was projected that the data derived from the survey could be used to aid in designing vocational education methods and techniques. After a review of literature, which yielded little usable information, a survey instrument was designed with the help of a panel of experts and administered via personal interviews to a total of 164 employers of various sizes in Montgomery County (rural) and Sedgwick County (urban). Findings included the following: (1) a large percentage of women, especially clerical workers, were employed in traditional work roles; (2) as the size of the business increased, the percentage of male supervisors of clerical employees increased; (3) the largest percentage of both skilled and unskilled females was employed in health, education, or services to business and industry, while the largest percent of males was employed by manufacturing firms; (4) respondents found no differences in male and female workers' production, absenteeism, willingness to accept supervision, and ability to get along with co-workers, but thought females were better satisfied wlth job level and pay; (5) many firms said employees lacked basic skills and interpersonal skills. Overall, respondents said that the greatest sex-related barriers to employment were tradition, history, and prejudices coupled with lack of skills training and lack of job experience, and that these attitudes were held by both employers and employees. No differences between rural and urban areas was documented. (KC)
Descriptors: Clerical Workers, Employed Women, Employee Attitudes, Employer Attitudes, Females, Job Performance, Males, Questionnaires, Research Methodology, Rural Areas, Rural Urban Differences, Sex Fairness, Sex Stereotypes, Skilled Workers, Test Construction, Unskilled Workers, Urban Areas, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kansas State Dept. of Education, Topeka.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Kansas (Montgomery County); Kansas (Sedgwick County)