ERIC Number: ED196963
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Assessing Young Children's Moral Development: A Standardized and Objective Scale.
Enright, Robert D.; And Others
A paired-comparisons measure of distributive justice development, the Distributive Justice Scale (DJS), was developed and validated in four studies. Pictures were drawn to represent the different stages of distributive justice for a given dilemma and the DJS was scored by selecting the child's preferred stage via the picture comparisons for each dilemma. In Study 1, 104 children from kindergarten, grades 2 and 4 were given the DJS and two Piagetian logical reasoning tasks. Age trends and a relationship with logical reasoning were found. In Study 2, 66 children from grades 1, 3, and 5 were given the DJS and a measure of verbal ability. Age trends and a low relationship with verbal ability were found. In Study 3, 88 children in grades 1, 3, and 5 from Kinshasa, Africa were given the DJS. The trends replicated Study 2. In Study 4, 56 children from lower and middle social classes in kindergarten and grade 3 were given the DJS. The lower class lagged behind the middle class in their DJS scores in both grades. Implications for distributive justice research were drawn. (Author/RL)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Attitude Measures, Correlation, Cultural Differences, Developmental Stages, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Kindergarten Children, Moral Development, Sex Differences, Social Differences, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Verbal Ability, Visual Measures
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Africa; Distributive Justice Scale; Paired Comparisons; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; United States
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).