ERIC Number: ED196755
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
The Social Structure of Society through the Eyes of University Students.
Dahlgren, Lars Owe; Franke-Wikberg, Sigbrit
Results are reported of a study to determine how beginning university students perceive social stratification in contemporary Sweden. The sample consisted of 169 students in a Swedish university. Participants were asked to classify segments in which their society is divided. They were then asked the basis for their classification and the content of the categories they identified. Twelve percent identified society as harmonic and non-stratified. Two concepts emerged from the group. Students believed that either social stratification is undesirable and therefore should not be given expression or that social stratification is nonexistent. The second category, an harmonic stratified society, was identified by 47 percent of the group. In this category, students perceive the existence of social stratification as absolute. The higher position of one group is not dependent on the lower position of other groups. The third category, identified by 41 percent of the sample, is a non-harmonic stratified society. The belief is that one group in the hierarchy is defined by its relation to another group or groups. Conflict is implicitly or explicitly assumed among the groups. Further research will determine significant changes in thinking and values as a result of the students' completing their degree in higher education. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Swedish Board of Universities and Colleges, Stockholm.
Authoring Institution: Goteborg Univ., Molndal (Sweden). Inst. of Education.
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Nordic Association for Educational Research (Goteborg, Sweden, October 23-26, 1980).