ERIC Number: ED196738
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Women Against Women: The Rise of Antifeminism.
The document describes a study which focuses on women in Texas who oppose the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). Their sociological background and their reasons for opposition are examined. The study examined 875 letters to a Texas state senator concerning a recall of Texas ratification and 175 questionnaires from a survey of anti-ERA activists at a rally in April, 1977. A variety of socioeconomic factors such as age, marital status, employment, education, family income, religion, and political activity were considered as well as reasons for opposition to the ERA. Findings showed the women to be mainly middle and upper class, educated, married, and half were under 36 years old. They were very religious and extremely active politically, particularly as conservatives. The most important reason for opposing the ERA was that it threatened womens' roles, femininity, and their rights, though lesser reasons were related to states' rights, moral issues, and threats against the social structure. These reasons varied somewhat according to religious preferences. Conclusions showed an apparent correlation between the women's religious beliefs and their opposition to the ERA, some personal motivations, and that the women are using the political methods usually ascribed to more politically sophisticated males with a dash of feminine wiles. (CK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Equal Rights Amendment; Texas
Note: Paper prepared for delivery at Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (Washington, DC, August 31, 1980).