ERIC Number: ED196614
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
The Educational Movement of the Blackfeet Indians: 1840-1979.
Children of the Blackfeet Indians in Montana have experienced many forms of white education in the past 140 years. The Jesuits began instruction there in 1837, building St. Peter's Mission in 1859. The mission school provided academic, vocational, and moral training for boys and, later, for girls. The first government public day school was established on the reservation in 1872 at the Four Persons Agency. The usual day school curriculum included sewing, housework, carpentry, and blacksmithing. Evolving in the 1880's as a way to absorb Indians into the white civilization, government boarding schools used strict military discipline and separation from family to change the Indians' beliefs and attitudes. In 1892 the first government boarding school on the Blackfeet reservation began operation. As on-reservation schools became more popular, off-reservation schools became more specialized and began to emphasize progressive academic achievement. Most boarding schools were supplanted by the public schools which appeared on the reservation in 1906 and flourished during the 1930's. Currently, most education for Blackfeet children is concentrated in the Browning area, where overcrowding is a serious problem. A history of reservation school funding sources is included along with maps, photographs, and interviews of former students. (SB)
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Boarding Schools, Curriculum, Day Schools, Educational Finance, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Indian Relationship, Priests, Public Schools, Religious Factors, United States History, Vocational Education
Blackfeet Heritage Program, School District #9, Box 610, Browning, MT 59417 ($3.00, 10 or more, $2.50 ea.).
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Browning School District 9, MT.
Identifiers: Blackfeet (Tribe); Jesuits; Mission Schools
Note: Paper copy not available due to publisher's preference.