ERIC Number: ED196610
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Project PRIDE (Programming Regional Education for Difficult to Educate). Final Report.
Spellman, Charles R.; And Others
Project PRIDE, a regional model for providing educational services to severely/profoundly handicapped school-aged individuals in rural southeastern Kansas, was designed to develop exemplary services in multiple special education cooperatives using a regional resource team approach. Resource team members served as consultants to classroom personnel and were closely involved in planning and implementation. PRIDE served a nine-county area encompassing 5,000 square miles and including a school-age population base of 30,000 students. Various service delivery models were utilized during the three year project; each model had distinct advantages and disadvantages. Components included services to students, classroom personnel, and parents. Participation ranged from 15 students in 1977-78 to 112 during 1979-80. Results were somewhat mixed. The most critical variable in determining the quality of special education was the classroom teacher; project experience indicated significant changes in quality of special educational programs would never occur in rural settings unless action was taken to drastically alter current practices of recruiting/selecting, motivating, and training personnel responsible for students' educational programs. Seven myths about rural special education emerged from the major issues and problems encountered. The document concludes with various inventories, surveys, assessments, and records used in the project. (BR)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Delivery Systems, Demonstration Programs, Education Service Centers, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Mobility, Inservice Teacher Education, Learning Disabilities, Models, Professional Development, Program Evaluation, Regional Programs, Resource Staff, Rural Education, Severe Disabilities, Special Education, Teacher Education, Teacher Recruitment
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Research Projects Branch.
Authoring Institution: Kansas Univ., Lawrence. Bureau of Child Research.; Parsons State Hospital and Training Center, KS.
Identifiers: Fallacies; Kansas (Southeast); Project PRIDE