ERIC Number: ED196550
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Natural Determinants of Change in Cognitive Tempo.
McKim, Margaret K.
This study examines two questions: (1) are the natural environmental contingencies under which reflective and impulsive children operate different? and (2) if so, which, if any of these differences, predict the nature of behavior change? Forty impulsive and reflective children and their mothers were observed while solving discrimination problems together. After the interaction session the children were administered forms of the Matching Familiar Figures Test (MFFT) and the mothers completed a questionnaire probing their perceptions of the interaction session. Interaction patterns were found to differ as a function of a) the match in cognitive tempo between mother and child (i.e. mother-reflective, child impulsive and vice versa); b) the sex of the child; and c) whether mothers' responses to their children served as antecedents or consequents. It was suggested that mothers use impulse control initially to change behavior in the reflective direction but then follow this with strategy instruction in order to maintain reflective behavior. Impulsive mothers of impulsive children were found to let their children control the interaction session. Mothers' subjective perceptions of their own behavior and that of their child's differed markedly from the observational data. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Matching Familiar Figures Test (Kagan)
Note: Portions of paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, CA, March 15-18, 1979).