ERIC Number: ED196529
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Models for the Bilingual Instruction of Immigrant Children: School Research Newsletter. Project No. 218.
An experimental scheme of bilingual instruction for Finnish immigrant children at the preschool level and at the junior level of elementary school was conducted between 1972 and 1980. The aim of the project was for the children to become functionally bilingual in an educational context equivalent to that provided for Swedish children. Between 1972 and 1979, the school achievement and linguistic and general development of four groups of Finnish children were continuously studied. Initial group size varied between 11 and 15. The instructional model for the project consisted of a two-year, Finnish-speaking pre-school and a two-year junior level elementary school. The Finnish students first reading and writing instruction was in Finnish and transition to regular Swedish instruction was accomplished at the intermediate level (Grade 4). Data were obtained from Finnish and Swedish school and language tests, ability tests, teacher observations and interviews with parents. It was concluded that the program was effective in promoting functional bilingualism. Educational achievement was more related to children's social environment, background and intellectual ability than to the influence of their first language. Proficiency in Swedish was not a direct result of first-language proficiency; and instruction in the first language did not have a negative effect on proficiency in Swedish. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Swedish Board of Education, Stockholm.