ERIC Number: ED196520
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Social Cognitive Ability, Interpersonal Behaviors, and Peer Status Within a Mixed Age Group.
Johnson, James E.; And Others
In order to explore relationships among social cognitive ability, peer status and interpersonal behavior, the frequency of 11 different social actions was recorded with the target child being the agent of the recipient of the behavior. Twenty-three children from 3 to 8 years of age enrolled in an 8-week university summer school program were observed for ten 5-minute periods during indoor free play. Each child was administered a test for referential communication ability and a test for solving interpersonal problems. In addition, peer status was evaluated using picture sociometric methods obtaining both peer nominations as well as peer rating scores. A positive and significant correlation indicated that children who suggested nonforceful strategies for solving interpersonal conflicts were most likely to be nominated as liked peers. A number of friends score based on the peer ratings correlated positively and significantly with referential communication ability. Referential communication skill correlated positively with refusing, while interpersonal problem solving ability correlated positively with asking, being asked, and helping, and correlated negatively with imitating, receiving, and receiving disapprovals from peers. Popular children tended to boss, teach and help, while being nominated as a disliked peer was inversely related with refusing behavior; peer ratings were positively and significantly correlated with being imitated. These findings provide some evidence in support of the concurrent validity of the social cognitive test and the peer status sociometric measures. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Preschool Interpersonal Problem Solving Test
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Southwestern Society for Research in Human Development (Lawrence, KS, March 27-29, 1980).