ERIC Number: ED196422
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Research on Pictures and Instructional Texts: Difficulties and Directions.
Brody, Philip J.
There are difficulties associated with research to determine the relationship of pictorial illustrations and learning from instructional texts. Although pictorial illustrations are one of the most common components of instructional texts, little has been done to determine how they affect learning from texts. The research associated with this area is characterized by a diversity of purpose, approach, and methodology. Among the most common problems are the utilization of materials, both verbal and pictorial, which are not representative of materials found in instructional texts; an emphasis on how pictures help learning to read rather than how they help learning from reading; a lack of diversity of instructional content; and a general lack of attention to the theoretical aspects of the problem. To gain a more complete understanding of how pictures affect learning from text, it will be necessary to encourage researchers to focus their attention on more immediately practical problems. This may call for the development of a new type of researcher, one who has both traditional research skills and the concerns of the instructional development specialist. Additionally, it will be necessary to focus on pictorial attributes rather than on the entire picture. References are listed. (Author/LLS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (Denver, CO, April 21-24, 1980). For complete proceedings of the Research and Theory Division, see IR 008 914.