ERIC Number: ED195928
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Matching Students and Reading Materials: A Cloze-Procedure Method for Assessing the Reading Ability of Students and the Readability of Textual Materials.
Kirkwood, Kristian J.; Wolfe, Richard G.
A study was conducted using standard open-ended cloze testing to establish a criterion for the utility of content reading passages for students in grades four, seven, and ten in the subject areas of language arts and social studies. Passages were selected from books, novels, and textbooks required in these courses. It was found that most of the reading passages were too difficult for most of the students and that, especially for students at the low end of the reading ability scale and in the lower grades, there were few appropriate materials at all. Social studies materials were found to be more difficult than language arts materials. Following a count of mean word size of the passages, a series of calibrating regression analyses were carried out to produce readability formulas that are on the same scales as the multiple-choice cloze test and the standard reading comprehension tests used in the schools. The formulas, when applied to a passage, estimate the test score a student would need to reach criterion on an open-ended cloze test or to understand the passage. (MKM)
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Content Area Reading, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Language Arts, Readability, Reading Achievement, Reading Materials, Reading Research, Reading Tests, Social Studies, Textbooks
Ontario Government Bookstore, 800 Bay St., Toronto, Ontario M7A 1L2, Canada ($3.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto.