ERIC Number: ED195884
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Goal Setting and Performance Evaluation: An Attributional Analysis.
Dossett, Dennis L.; Greenberg, Carl I.
To examine the effects of goal-setting on supervisors' evaluations of workers' performance, and on the causes attributed to that performance, 80 subjects were shown a simulated interaction between a worker and supervisor in one of three goal-setting conditions: self-set, participative, or assigned. The worker either succeeded or failed to meet the set goal. Attributional distortions appeared greater in the assigned than in the participative or self-set conditions as a function of the worker's success or failure. The goal condition was varied by having the worker initially suggest a higher or lower goal than the one finally agreed upon; in that case, regardless of the worker's success or failure, subjects rated the high-goal worker significantly higher on performance and attributed to him more ability, effort, and commitment. Thus, participation in goal setting may in some instances hamper the objective appraisal of performance. (Author/CS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Goal Setting
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).