ERIC Number: ED195864
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
School-Based Secondary Prevention Programs, Organizational Adoption and Systematic Change.
Linney, Jean Ann
The Volunteers in School (VIS) program, a three-year intervention using nonprofessionals as change agents and service providers, was designed to help children identified by their teachers as having behavioral or academic difficulties. An attempt was made to coordinate the teacher's classroom activities with those of the change agent and to devise individualized instructional strategies. To assess the impact of the VIS program on the children, the teachers, and the school, a multivariate assessment strategy was used with a pre-post control-group design. The outcomes for the children appeared to be closely related to the organizational response to the program and to the nature of teacher involvement. By the end of the third year, only one of the three targeted schools remained actively involved in and supportive of VIS. Teachers in the other two schools were overtly antagonistic to VIS personnel. When the staff became actively involved in the intervention, students made larger gains than in previous years, an indication of the impact of organizational change. (Author/CS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Volunteers in School Program
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).