ERIC Number: ED195684
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Village Literacy Programming in Pakistan: A Comparative ABE Study with Guidelines. Monographs on Comparative and Area Studies in Adult Education.
Hesser, Florence E.
Ten literacy pilot programs developed by the Adult Basic Education Society (ABES) of Pakistan in Gujranwala, Pakistan, between 1963 and 1973 were analyzed and evaluated to evolve a series of adult literacy program development guidelines. The programs were evaluated on the basis of an eleven-category evaluation system developed by Cyril Houle in his study "The Design of Education." After evaluation with respect to materials, teaching method, student participation, teacher participation, location planning, support, supervision, and follow-up, three other approaches to adult literacy program design were similarly evaluated: (1) Laubach's religiously oriented approach, (2) Paulo Freire's psycho-socially oriented approach, and (3) that approach revolving around aspects of functional literacy which is espoused by the United Nations. After a comparison of the effectiveness of these approaches to that of the ABES programs, fifty-seven guidelines were developed for program planning; creating and using materials; facilitating student and teacher program participation; selecting a program location; and program support, supervision, and follow-up. (A discussion of ABES aims and purposes, ABES objectives, and an outline of the ten pilot projects are appended.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Reading Programs, Adults, Functional Literacy, Guidelines, Literacy Education, Program Design, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation
Centre for Continuing Education, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. Canada VGT 1W5 ($7.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: British Columbia Univ., Vancouver. Center for Continuing Education.; International Council for Adult Education, Toronto (Ontario).
Identifiers: Houle (Cyril O); Pakistan (Karachi)
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