ERIC Number: ED195460
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep-2
Reference Count: 0
The View from Middletown: Demographic Variables Influencing Cognitive Mapping.
White, Michael J.
Results are reported of a study to determine the influence of certain demographic variables on an individual's accuracy in cognitive mapping. Cognitive mapping refers to the way in which humans orient themselves in space through the use of imaginary maps of the physical world. Demographic variables measured were income, occupation, marital status, age, sex, and years in residence. The sample consisted of 148 volunteers from various civic, occupational, or residential groups in Muncie, Indiana. All subjects were 18 years of age or older. Participants viewed slides of intersections in the city and attempted to locate them on a map. Results indicate that high levels of occupation and income were found to be significantly powerful. Poorer, lower status individuals appear to live in a much less differentiated city. Responses of the youngest and oldest reflected less developed cognitive maps than middle-aged individuals. The conclusion is that an individual's cognitive map of his city is strongly influenced by the degree to which social roles permit interaction with the physical environment. Reduced participation of the poor, elderly, and young is an indication that such individuals, with inadequate cognitive maps, are at a disadvantage in utilizing available resources within their city. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cognitive Mapping
Note: Presented at Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Canada, September 2, 1980).