ERIC Number: ED195357
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Application of the "Generalizability Coefficient" to the Study of the Stability of Cooperative Behavior of Young Children.
Marcus, Robert F.; And Others
Time sampled observations of the cooperative behavior of two samples of 31 preschool children were analyzed for stability (that is, short term reliability of behavior) over a 2-month period using Cronbach's generalizability coefficient. Observations were made during free play periods on nursery school settings. The observation schedule required observers to check the presence of cooperative play, parallel play, and individual play with peers. Only the cooperative play results are analyzed here. The schedule further required that cooperative behavior for each child be time sampled using 10 second intervals for an average of 24 units per day on at least six separate days within a 2-month period. Total observation time per child was 24 minutes. Cooperative behavior in both samples was shown to be highly stable and influenced by the overall amount of cooperative behavior shown but not by sex and age. Results suggest that for research purposes individual difference measures may be based upon naturalistic observations in such settings. Methodological issues related to the reliability of behavior are discussed. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cronbach (Lee J); Generalizability Theory; Time Sampling
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).