ERIC Number: ED195349
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Real-Pretend Distinction in Children's Judgments of Televised Events.
Downs, A. Chris; And Others
Preschoolers' perceptions of the reality of selected televised portrayals were investigated in this study. Three factors (type of event, character, and format) were examined as a function of the age and sex of the children. Thirty-six 4- and 5 1/2-year-olds were asked to judge the reality of specific televised events shown on videotape. The events depicted varied in aggressiveness, format (cartoon versus non-cartoon) and type of character (humorous or non-humorous). Responses were scored on the basis of children's judgments as to whether the portrayals were either real or pretend. While age and sex differences were absent, children's real-pretend judgments were found to be dependent on the format of the events observed. Cartoon events were viewed as fiction whereas non-cartoon events were generally seen as more real. Neither type of character nor type of event appeared to alter these perceptions. Implications for research on children's learning of televised aggression and prosocial behavior are discussed. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Judgment; Reality; Televised Events
Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Southwestern Society for Research in Human Development (Lawrence, KS, March 27-29, 1980).