ERIC Number: ED195207
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Higher Education--Hired? Sex Differences in Employment Characteristics of 1976 Postsecondary Graduates.
Devereaux, M. S.; Rechnitzer, Edith
The 1978 employment situation of Canadian men and women who earned college degrees in 1976 was studied through a survey of 92,399 respondents. Tables, charts, and brief narratives are presented on the following areas: educational and social characteristics, motivation, employment history, employment status, relationship af job to education, nature of employment, salary, job satisfaction, retrospective judgment, continuing education, selected occupations and fields of study, and tomorrow's graduates. The statistics are also discussed in the light of historical and international data. Among the findings are the following: nearly two-thirds of the 27,950 bachelor's degrees awarded to women were in the fields of education, fine and applied arts, humanities, psychology, and sociology (these fields accounted for only one-third of the 30,140 male bachelor's degree recipients); at the master's level, around 10 percent of the 2,280 women earned their degrees in engineering or business, compared with 40 percent of the 4,930 men; only 170 women received doctoral degrees, compared to 790 men who did; second to teaching, clerical jobs were the most frequent occupational destination of women with bachelor's degrees; teaching was also the most common outcome for the men, followed by jobs in management, physical sciences, social sciences, and health; and typically the women's median salary was about 85 percent of the men's. A sample questionnaire is included. (SW)
Descriptors: Bachelors Degrees, Career Choice, College Graduates, Comparative Analysis, Doctoral Degrees, Education Work Relationship, Employment Level, Females, Foreign Countries, Graduate Surveys, Higher Education, Job Satisfaction, Majors (Students), Males, Masters Degrees, Occupational Surveys, Professional Continuing Education, Salaries, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Differences, Vocational Followup
Statistics Canada, Education, Science, and Culture Division, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Statistics Canada, Ottawa (Ontario). Education, Science, and Culture Div.
Note: Prepared in cooperation with Labour Canada, Women's Bureau.