ERIC Number: ED195172
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
A Synchronic View of English Bilingualism in India.
Parasher, S. V.
CIEFL Bulletin, v15 n1 p65-76 1979
While English was supported as an official language in India during her pre-independence days, it was during the post-independence days that English bilingualism became widespread. The influence of English can be seen in higher education, elementary and secondary education, national institutions, in the press, and in broadcasting, publishing, and administration. As the number of universities in India increased, so did the number of students of English. Next to Hindi, English has the highest position among language courses at the postgraduate level. In 1974, there were 17 million Indian elementary and secondary school students studying English. English is the only medium of teaching at national institutions, including those providing military training. The number of English newspapers published throughout India is 2,765, second only to Hindi in number. All government-controlled radio stations broadcast in English along with other regional languages. India ranks third, after the United States and Britain, in English publications. English is the associate official language of the union of India as well as of separate Indian states. It is used freely in social circles in India. By Ferguson's standards, then, it is a major language of India. English is in a diglossic situation with the other mother tongues, having specific functions and thus, needs to be learned by the Indian people. (PJM)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Central Inst. of English and Foreign Languages, Hyderbad (India).
Note: May not reproduce clearly.