ERIC Number: ED194863
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Promoting Ego Identity Development in Adolescence and Youth.
Enright, Robert D.; And Others
A model of identity formation, based on the cognitive developmental stages of social perspective-taking, was tested to determine if identity is achievable through cognitive strategies of considering the self in relation to friends, family, peers, and society. Two separate studies, one involving college students (N=28) and one involving high school seniors (N=48), were conducted. Subjects were divided into experimental and control groups which met for one hour three days a week, for two weeks. Both groups completed Rasmussen's Ego Identity Scale as the pre- and post-test dependent measure. The experimental group went through a series of questions which operationalized the Enright and Deist model of identity formation, while the control group solved logical problems. In the college sample, experimentals gained more than the controls on the identity subscale, but not on the Rasmussen composite. The high school sample changed on the composite, but the identity subscale did not show any significant treatment effects. Both studies suggest that social perspective taking as an organized cognitive strategy can lead to greater integrated self-identity. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Ego Identity Scale (Rasmussen)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).