ERIC Number: ED194849
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Creative Self-Concept, Masculinity, Femininity and Three Models of Androgyny.
Harrington, David M.; Andersen, Susan M.
Relationships between aspects of creativity and psychological masculinity and femininity are examined from the perspectives of balance, additive, and catalytic models of androgyny. Female (N=85) and male (N=105) subjects completed Gough's Adjective Check List, (ACL) in which the adjective, "creative," had been inserted. The ACL was scored for two sets of masculinity and femininity scales and for creative personality scales. Female subjects also completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory. Empirically derived indices of creative self-concept correlated positively with multiple indices of psychological masculinity and somewhat negatively with indices of psychological femininity. Multiple regression analyses detected significant positive linear interactions involving one set of masculinity and femininity indices and the women's creative self-concepts. Data suggest that potentially creative women may struggle against the very social conceptions about "gender-appropriate" behavior which men find supportive in their creative self-conceptions. Greater sex-role flexibility may make it easier for men and women to develop creative self-concepts. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Adjective Check List (Gough and Heilbrun); Bem Sex Role Inventory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).