ERIC Number: ED194633
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Recognition Memory of Inferences from a Story among High and Low Critical Thinkers.
Hatano, Giyoo; Kuhara, Keiko
The hypothesis that high critical thinkers, who rely on plausibility estimates, would be more accurate in rejecting inappropriate inferences than low critical thinkers, who rely on direct matching, was investigated. The supposition that high critical thinkers would suffer more often from a failure to differentiate appropriate inferences from actual facts was also studied. Three experiments were tried in Japan using undergraduate college students. With sentence recognition tasks, the high critical thinkers had higher false alarm rates for appropriate inferences, and lower rates for inappropriate ones, as compared to low critical thinkers. Both groups, however, performed equally well in judging test inference in terms of plausibility while reading and relying upon memory. Results imply, that in order to improve critical thinking ability, it is necessary to encourage students to exploit their potential ability for drawing inferences. (Author/GK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Inferential Reasoning; Japan; Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).