ERIC Number: ED194559
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May-26
Reference Count: 0
Measurement and Educational Opportunity.
Turnbull, William W.
Building on the theme that education is essential to opportunity, especially to help children escape from the boundaries of poverty, a theory of student-centered assessment is conceptualized. Student-centered assessment begins with the assumption that the aim of education is to shift effective planning and control of students' choices to the students. Two applications of this approach are assessment in the classroom and in the guidance process. Classroom assessment emphasizes immediate feedback to both student and teacher; is used to improve learning rather than to keep score; and deals with an immediate follow-up to an observed condition, rather than focusing on long-term prediction which may unfairly label children and ignore their capabilities for rapid change and development. In guidance assessment, the goal should be to help students plan each successive educational step, preserving for them as many options as possible. Development of appropriate measures should focus on helping students assess their own interests, values, and aspirations. In general, measurement should focus on formative evaluation, diagnosis, and planning instead of summative evaluation or certification. (MH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the International Association for Educational Assessment (Sao Paulo, Brazil, May 26-31, 1980).