ERIC Number: ED193919
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Phonological Acquisition in Language Disordered and Normal Children: Duration as a Productive Strategy.
Abruzzese, Carmela; Banker, Michele S.
An experiment was conducted to determine the validity of the theory that language-disordered children use the same strategies in acquiring phonological phenonema, in this case consonant clusters, as normal children do but at a later age. In acquiring productive use of consonant clusters, normal children go through three stages: (1) reduction or deletion of one consonant of the cluster; (2) splitting of the cluster with a vowel (epenthetic), usually schwa, inserted between two consonants; and (3) elongation of the cluster before final adult productive use of the cluster. The experiment studied the output of 6-to 8-year-old language-disordered children against that of 2-to 5-year-old normal children in producing 56 monosyllabic English words. Twenty-six words had an initial consonant cluster and 30 had single initial consonants. Results show that cluster production of normal children matched that of the disordered children in production time, with a few exceptions. When compared with adult production time, the children's was much longer. The duration time for the normal and the disordered children was attributed to the insertion of the epenthetic vowel. Disordered children, however, use the strategy of elongation longer than normal children do, and also use productive strategies not used by the normals. (PJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Consonant Clusters
Note: Paper presented at the Boston University Conference on Language Development (Boston, MA September 1979). Best copy available.