ERIC Number: ED193879
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Development of Mental Health in Infancy. NIMH Science Monographs 3.
The monograph explores development in the infant's first year of life, particularly as it influences later mental health or illness. An introductory section presents a schematic history of early clinical practice (including some earlier preventive trends, changes in the way we think about childhood, and changes in the role of government in ensuring the well being of children) and cites some general research considerations (such as current trends in psychological research, applications and limitations of research in infancy, and the interactional nature of mental health). A second section presents research findings for the following areas: general predispositions and individual differences of the infant's contribution to mental health, effective environments for mental health, the infant-caregiver interaction, and the development of the infant's attachment to a caregiver. Risks for development and clinical interventions are highlighted in a third section. Among conclusions in a final summary are five factors involved in individual vulnerability versus invulnerability in mental health--multiplicity of stresses; alterations of adverse environments after the early childhood period; temperamental, sex, and genetic differences; intrafamilial relations; and the wider social environment. A list of approximately 300 references concludes the monograph. (SBH)
Descriptors: Child Development, Emotional Disturbances, Family Environment, Infants, Mental Health, Parent Child Relationship, Prediction, Prevention, Social Influences
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD. Div. of Scientific and Public Information.