ERIC Number: ED193666
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Linguistics and the Pragmatics of Language Use: What You Know When You Know a Language...And What Else You Know. Technical Report No. 179.
Green, Georgia M.
This paper discusses the nature of the relationship between grammar and pragmatics--specifically, between the rules of a language and the principles for using language. It argues that knowledge of language itself plays a small, primarily enabling part in people's ability to communicate effectively and that a large share of communicative competence is the ability to infer a speaker's plans, goals, and purposes from his or her utterances and to plan and execute speech in such a way that such inferences are most efficiently made. The paper demonstrates, first abstractly, then with an extended example, the complexity of the choices involved in making a simple hypothethical utterance. Next, it describes how certain kinds of nonlinguistic knowledge must be involved in making these choices. It also characterizes three kinds of linguistic knowledge: (1) knowledge about language proper (grammar), (2) knowledge about the use of particular forms, and (3) knowledge about communicating. Finally, it discusses some of the implications of this characterization. (FL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.