ERIC Number: ED193334
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Formulating Environmental Constructs Using Environmental Referents In Conjunction With the Erwin Identity Scale.
Erwin, T. Dary; Delworth, Ursula
Several environmental constructs which influence identity are measured by the Erwin Identity Scale (EIS) and delineated. The EIS is an objectively scored instrument designed to measure the student development concept of identity based on the conceptualizations of Chickering and Erikson. Three sub-scales (confidence, sexual identity, and conceptions about body and appearance) comprise the EIS. The EIS and environmental referents were administered to a sample of high school students and college freshmen. The college freshmen were randomly divided into two groups and retested at two points during their freshman year. The responses from the environmental referents were content analyzed and placed into various categories. Mean differences on the EIS sub-scales were studied among the various environmental categories using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) designs. The impacts of the academic environment, particularly classroom experiences, and of the interpersonal campus environment were reflected by high or low scores on the EIS. In some instances, students who did not respond to the environmental referents had the highest identity scores. Students who felt most comfortable with their sense of self were the least affected by the college experience. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Erwin Identity Scale
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).