ERIC Number: ED193311
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Nomological Research in Self-Perceptions: Implications for Construct Validity in Multitrait-Multimethod Matrix Design.
Soares, Louise M.; Soares, Anthony T.
The varying perspectives of self, as determined by distinct or discrete situations and individual perceptions within a multitrait-multimethod framework, were tested, and evidence for the validity of the measures was found. Six hundred ninety-eight students in grades 1-12 were randomly selected from suburban classrooms in the Northeast and administered the Affective Perception Inventory (API). The API consists of nine scales which measure self concept as a person and student, in six specific classroom disciplines (English, mathematics, science, social studies, the arts, and physical education), and in school and toward important figures in school. There were two peer-raters for each self-rater analyzed, in addition to teacher-raters at every grade level. A multitrait-multimethod matrix was obtained for determining reliability, and discriminant and convergent validity. The pattern that emerged from the results can be summarized as follows: (1) internal consistency on all scales; (2) respectable convergent validity between self and peers, with less agreement between peers and teachers; (3) differential discriminant validity; and (4) varying self-pictures developing from individualized configurations of the encoding process in the brain. (RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Affective Perception Inventory (Soares and Soares); Multitrait Multimethod Techniques
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Hartford, CT, April 9-12, 1980).