ERIC Number: ED193297
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Issues of Test Bias and Validity.
Ekstrom, Ruth B.
Three areas of concern related to test bias and validity should be considered during the revision of the Standards for Educational and Psychological Tests. The first area concerns the sources and consequences of test bias. Five sources of bias have been identified: numerical bias, role bias, status bias, stereotypic bias, and familiarity bias. The revised Standards should address each of these types of bias. Another set of problems to be considered are those related to the choice of a criterion in validity studies. Such problems include evaluation of criteria in aptitude test development, an evaluation of predictors in selection procedures, and the appropriateness of techniques based upon person matching. The third main area of concern is that of construct validity and problems related to the use of factors as criteria. Psychologists should focus on the inferences that must be made in a selection situation, rather than on rigid validity categories, and then to plan an appropriate validation strategy. (Author/GK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Standards for Educational and Psychological Tests
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (New York, NY, September 3, 1979).