ERIC Number: ED193106
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jul
Reference Count: 0
The Creative Use of Alienation.
Herrick, James E.
The process of becoming a world citizen requires, as a first step, personal alienation from the cultural values and social arrangements of nation-states that stand in the way of such an effort. Three interrelated propositions underlie this thesis. First, prevailing cultural values and social arrangements severely limit opportunities for people to reach common agreement about the nature of and solution to significant problems. Second, to reach this common agreement, people must separate themselves from primary allegiance to nation-state interests and operate from a context of world citizenship. Third, learning how to operate from a context of world citizenship requires a participatory planning process which anticipates the future. Alienation occurs as a result of a discrepancy between basic human needs and socially structured opportunities to meet those needs. In Western society, social behavior based on competition, individualism, quantity, and technology perpetuates a system in which access to power and influence is unequal and where control of resources is exerted by upper layers in the hierarchy. These events contribute to alienation of people from their basic needs as human beings. The position of alienation can be used creatively; it distances the individual and allows for analysis of the alienating condition and establishment of a better connection with basic needs. However, it is necessary for the person to move beyond alienation and become involved in a different kind of social-cultural context. A global perspective requires conscious intentionality (purposeful behavior), freedom of choice, and collective effort. Creative work of people operating out of this context enables them to make their world different from what exists. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Global Conference on the Future (1st, Toronto, Canada, July 20-25, 1980).