ERIC Number: ED192888
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Development of Intention-Based Moral Judgments in Three- and Four-Year-Old Children.
Moran, James D., III; O'Brien, Gayle
The developmental sequence of preschool children's moral judgments, and their emphasis on intentions versus property damage was investigated. Eight moral judgment stories with drawings were read to twelve 3 1/2- and twelve 4 1/2-year-old children (mean ages = 46.6 and 54.0 months, respectively). The stories included either positive or negative consequences for damage directed against either a person or property. In the positive Intention/negative consequence stories, age groups predominantly judged on the basis of consequence in all contexts. In the negative intention/positive consequence stories, however, 4 1/2-year-olds made consequence-based judgments only in stories of property damage [p=.LT.01], whereas 3 1/2-year-olds did not make consequence-based judgments in either context. The findings suggest that 3 1/2-year-olds respond to any negative event [either intention or consequence] in the story and that 4 1/2-year-olds conform to traditional Piagetian theory only when property damage is involved (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Intention; Moral Judgment Task (Piaget)
Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Southwestern Society for Research in Human Development (Lawrence, KS, March 27-29, 1980).