ERIC Number: ED192877
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Socialization of Young Children: Successful Principles and Models.
Schieser, Hans A.
This discussion focuses on several principles and models of early childhood education which have been used to improve children's ability to live and work with others. Modern problems of socialization in early childhood are discussed in terms of the generation gap in industrial societies, the development of the "private" family with minimal neighbourhood contacts, children's learning modalities, situational determinants of learning as well as the limitations of stimulus response and modeling theories of behavior and development. Human consciousness is discussed in terms of intentionality, self-awareness and motive-based developmental phases that begin with children's self-centered gratification of needs and progress to their awareness of problems. These discussions are linked by an emphasis on the importance of children's emotional experience for their social development. A match between the child's ability and need to love and a lovable outside worid of experience is what is wanted but which, in educational practice, is frequently found wanting. The teacher's basic task is to provide the space, time, materials, and the careful, loving presence that lend themselves to positive encounters. The fact that, across history, some educators have been aware of these needs of children is seen in the works of Plato, Pestalozzi, Steiner, Montessori and Gmeiner, whose educational ideas and programs are discussed in this paper as successful models of early childhood education. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the World Assembly of the World Organization for Preschool Education (OMEP), (16th, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, July 28-August 2, 1980).