ERIC Number: ED192872
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jul
Reference Count: 0
The Child and the Community: A Developmental Perspective.
Newman, Barbara M.; Newman, Philip R.
Three dimensions of the relationship between children and their communities that have been identified are (1) children's sense of community as it develops from infancy through middle childhood, (2) characteristics of a competent community, and (3) the interaction between children's developmental growth and community resources. Children's sense of community changes as children increase their mobility, their independence and take on responsibility. Their understanding broadens to include a sense of boundaries, distance, and location, as well as spatial relationships of resources and organizations, demographic characteristics and group identity. Competent communities are characterized as those that accurately identify the needs of their citizenry and recognize the importance of the experience of mastery and effectiveness for their citizens. Competent communities can be identified by their efforts in three areas: health and safety, responsiveness, and the enhancement of human potential. Involvement in and use of the environment depends on one's conceptualization of self within the context of the community. The more one understands one's own talents, aspirations, and motives, the more one seeks resources in the community to enhance or complement those elements of personality. In the adult stage of generativity, ideas about one's own needs and goals converge with one's understanding of the social community and interact to guide actions taken on behalf of future generations. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the World Assembly of the World Organization for Preschool Education (OMPE), (16th, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, July 28-August 2, 1980).