ERIC Number: ED192611
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr-10
Reference Count: 0
Semantic Facilitation on a Bilingual Lexical Decision Task.
The research reported here examines the influence of knowledge of two languages on the organization of semantic information in long-term memory. Eight English-French bilingual adults were presented pairs of letter strings and had to decide whether both strings were words. Half of the trials contained English-French word pairs which required a "yes" response. Of these, half were translation pairs and half were semantically unrelated English-French word pairs. Reaction times for the translation pairs were found to be significantly faster than those of the semantically unrelated word pairs. When this result is compared against a similar monolingual lexical decision task, it is found that the magnitude of this semantic facilitation effect is much larger, both in absolute time reduction and in the proportion of variance accounted for by the manipulation. The presence of this semantic facilitation effect indicates that the meanings of words from different languages are organized in a common area of bilingual semantic memory. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Eastern Psychological Association (51st, Hartford, CT, April 10, 1980).