NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED192407
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-May
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A System for Coding Integration and Differentiation Messages (SID): Operationalizing Inclusion.
Krueger, Dorothy Lenk
A "System for coding Integration and Differentiation messages" in group communication (SID) was developed, based on the theoretical and empirical work of W. C. Schutz, W. Bennis and H. Shepard, and A. Koestler. In SID, integrating messages are defined as those dealing with material internal to the group and having positive affect, or internal with neutral affect and agreement. Differentiating messages are defined as: (1) those concerned with material external to the group and showing positive, negative, or neutral affect; (2) internal messages showing negative affect; and (3) internal messages with neutral affect and disagreement. Messages that are neither integrating nor differentiating are internal, with neutral affect and neutral agreement. SID was used to categorize the communication in two self-analytic groups, each composed of seven college students. The results showed that, in both cases, the groups began with low integration and high differentiation and gradually increased integration behavior and decreased differentiation behavior. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Coding
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (29th, Philadelphia, PA, May 1-5, 1979).